Recent Amendments to the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014

By Husain Kader

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has issued a recent notification dated 16th October, 2019 notifying the Companies (Incorporation) Eight Amendment Rules, 2019 to amend the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014.

The amendments are summarised below:

Sr No. Particulars Erstwhile Provision After Amendment Remarks
1. Undesirable Names

 

Rule 8A

Earlier if the name of the proposed company included a registered trademark then approval from the owner or the applicant for registration of trademark had to be obtained by the promoters of the proposed company before making name application to ROC. Now the option to get approval from the applicant for registration of trademark has been removed.

 

Now approval has to be obtained from the owner only.

The Owner and applicant for registration of trademark could be two different persons and therefore earlier there was an option.

 

Now the rule has been made more stringent and the approval of the present owner is necessary.

2. Active Company Tagging Identities and Verification (ACTIVE)

 

Rule 25A

Earlier if a company was marked as ACTIVE-non-compliant than unless e-Form ACTIVE was filed the company was not able request for any changes in director information by filing Form DIR-12 except in case of cessation. Now if a company is marked as ACTIVE-non-compliant than it will not be able to request for any changes in director information except in the following cases:

 

1.   cessation of any director; or

2.   appointment of directors in a company where total number of directors fall below the minimum limit as provided in the Act on disqualification of all or any of the director; or

3.   appointment of any director in such company where DINs of all or any of its director(s) have been deactivated; or

4.   appointment of director(s) for implementation of the order passed by the Court or Tribunal or Appellate Tribunal.

MCA has liberalized the ACTIVE rule to allow changes to be made to the information of directors to allow appointment or cessation of directors where it becomes absolutely necessary  in cases which may  lead to non-functioning of the Board of Directors of a company or non-compliance of the Companies Act.
3. Shifting of registered office within the same State

 

Rule 28

After amendment the MCA has added the following rules to the present provisions:

 

1.   The Regional Director (“RD”) shall examine the application seeking confirmation from the RD for shifting the registered office within the same State from the jurisdiction of one ROC to another ROC and the application may be put up for orders without hearing and the order either approving or rejecting the application shall be passed within 15 days of the receipt of application complete in all respects; and

 

2.   The certified copy of order of the RD, approving the alternation of MOA for transfer of registered office company within the same State, shall be filed in Form No. INC-28 along with fee with the Registrar of State within 30 days from the date of receipt of certified copy of the order.

The Rule has been made more stringent by the MCA whereby now an order shall be passed by the RD after examination of all the submitted documents and such order shall have to be filed in Form INC-28 (which is an added compliance to be followed) for shifting of registered office.

 

If one is incorporated as a private limited company does he need to get a trade license from the municipality?

Trade license is permission granted in form of a certificate by State government to carry on any business/trade for which it is issued. Trade license is regulated to ensure that the citizen is not adversely affected by Health Hazard & Nuisance by the improper carrying of a trade.

The trade license is a means to ensure that the manner and locality in which the business is being carried on is according to the relevant rules, standards and safety guidelines. It is issued by the municipal corporation of the place where business is located. A trade license is a permission to carry on a specific trade or business at the premises for which it has been issued. Any unauthorized running of trade is an offense which may result in a substantial penalty and subsequent prosecution.

The business owners must apply for trade license is required in particular area without any delay. An application must be made before the commencement of the activity. However, some state governments allow up to 3 months’ time to seek a trade license. License once issued requires periodical renewal on annual basis. Application for renewal must be filed at least 30 days before expiry of license.

As per shops and establishment act, it is mandatory for three kinds of business:

1. All the eating establishments like hotels, restaurants, canteen, food stall, bakeries, the sale of vegetables, meat, provisions store, etc.

2. Trades which use motives like manufacturing industries, factories, power looms, flour mills, cyber cafe, etc.

3. Offensive and dangerous trades like a barber shop, dhobi shop, timber wood, sale of firewood, candle manufacturer, cracker manufacturer, etc.

Documents required for obtaining trade license:

1. Pan card of the establishment in case of company, LLP or Firm;

2. Canceled Cheque and bank statement of the establishment;

3. Certificate of Incorporation, MOA, and AOA of the company or LLP/ Partnership Agreement as the case may be;

4. Premises proof of the establishment in the form of Sale Deed, Electricity Bill/water bill and NOC from the owner;

5. Colour photograph, Pan card and ID Proof and Address Proof of all Directors/ Partners;

6. Photograph of the establishment with the display of goods traded from the premises; and

7. Site/Key plan showing the area under the occupation of the applicant earmarking the neighborhood of the site.

Is it mandatory to have audited balance sheet for a newly formed private limited company?

A private limited company is the most popular form of starting a business, there are various compliances which are required to be followed once a private limited company is incorporated including getting the balance sheet audited by the statutory auditors of the Company.

Every newly formed private limited company is required to appoint first statutory auditors of the Company, within 30 days of incorporation and in case of failure of the board to appoint such auditor, it shall inform the members of the Company who shall within 90 days at an extraordinary general meeting appoint such statutory auditor who shall hold the office till the conclusion of the first annual general meeting.

Every private limited company is required to file its balance sheet along with a statement of profit and loss account and director report within 30 days of holding of the annual general meeting.

Thus it is mandatory for every newly incorporated company to get its balance sheet audited and hold its first AGM within nine months from the closure of the financial year of the company and thereafter within six months from the closure of the financial year of the company.